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Jai Hind !!

Sampooran Singh Kalra (born 18 August 1936), better known by his pen name Gulzar, is an Indian poet, lyricist and director. Gulzaar primarily works in Hindi-Urdu. He also works in Punjabi, several dialects of Hindi like braj bhasha, khadi boli, Haryanvi and Marwari.

Gulzar was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2004 for his contribution to the arts, and the Sahitya Akademi Award in 2002. He has also won a number of National Film Awards and Filmfare Awards in various categories. In 2009, he won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Jai Ho" in the film Slumdog Millionaire (2008). On 31 January 2010, the same song won him a Grammy Award in the category of Best Song Written For Motion Picture, Television Or Other Visual Media.

As a lyricist, Gulzar is best known for his association with the music directors Rahul Dev Burman, A. R. Rahman and Vishal Bhardwaj, and has also worked with other leading Hindi movie music directors including Sachin Dev Burman, Salil Chowdhury, Madan Mohan, Shankar Ehsaan Loy and Anu Malik.

Early life

Gulzar was born in a Kalra Arora Sikh family, to Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur, in Dina, Jhelum District, Pakistan. Before becoming an established writer, Sampooran worked as a car mechanic in a garage. He took the pen name Gulzar Deenvi after becoming an author.

Career

Gulzar is best known in India as a lyricist for songs that form an integral part of Indian cinema. He began his career under two other artists - Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. His book Ravi Paar has a narrative of Bimal Roy and the agony of creation. Gulzar started his career as a songwriter with Sachin Dev Burman for the movie "Bandini" (1963). The song was "Mora gora ang layle", picturised on Nutan. His most famous songs have been associated with Rahul Dev Burman in movies such as "Parichay" ("Musafir hoon yaron" sung by Kishore Kumar), "Aandhi" ("Tera bina zindagi se koi" sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Kishore), "Kushboo" ("Ghar Jaayegi" sung by Asha Bhosle) and "Ijaazat" ("Mera kuch saaman" sung by Asha), "Masoom" ("Tujhse naraz nahi zindagi" sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Anoop Ghosal) to name a few. However he has had award-winning associations with Salil Chowdhury (for the movie "Anand"), Madan Mohan ("Mausam"), and more recently with Vishal Bhardwaj ("Maachis"), A. R. Rahman ("Dil Se", "Guru") and Shankar-Ehsaan-Loy ("Bunty aur Babli").

Gulzar had leftist leanings (from an Indian perspective) in his early days that can be seen from his early movies (as director) like Mere Apne (translated as 'My dear ones'). His film Aandhi is an oblique criticism of Indian polity, and was banned for a time because it was seen as a criticism of Indira Gandhi for the imposition of the emergency. He also depicted a flair for adapting stories/concepts from literature as well as from other films. Angoor ("Grapes") is based on Shakespeare's Comedy of Errors, and Mausam ("Season") is an adaptation of A. J. Cronin's The Judas Tree. Gulzar also adapted the Hollywood classic The Sound of Music into Parichay. He directed an eponymous Television serial on Mirza Ghalib starring Naseeruddin Shah shown on Indian Television Channel Doordarshan in 1988. Gulzar also worked, as a song writer or dialogue writer for several Doordarshan programs for kids such as Jungle Book, Alice in Wonderland, Guchche and Potli Baba Ki together with Vishal Bhardwaj. He has more recently written and narrated for the children's audiobook series Karadi Tales

Gulzar is known for making brilliantly sensitive portrayal of subjects ranging from human relations, biographical profiles and often controversial social issues. For his contributions to Indian cinema, Gulzar was honored with Padma Bhushan in 2004, the third highest civilian award in India. Also, Gulzar and his movies have won numerous awards at the National level including awards for best director and best lyrics. He also won the 2002 Sahitya Akademi Award for 'Dhuan', a collection of Urdu short stories.

Gulzar has developed a new style of writing poems called Triveni which comprises stanzas comprising three lines rhyming with each other. His private album "Koi Baat Chale" with Ghazal maestro Jagjit Singh has all the songs written in Triveni.

Personal life
Gulzar is married to actress Raakhee. They have a daughter, Meghna Gulzar who is a film director. She has directed a sensitive film on surrogate motherhood, Filhaal..., and a lighthearted take on the marriage institution, Just Married (2007). Meghna Gulzar has also penned a biography of Gulzar, titled Because he is. Gulzar has given her nickname 'Boski', which is an eponym for their home, 'Boskiana'. Quite recently the Bajaj Allianz 'Jiyo Befikar' song for which Gulzar has penned lyrics for the first time for a commercial has been very appreciated.

Awards

Academy Awards
Best Original Song - 'Jai Ho' - Slumdog Millionaire (2008)

Filmfare Awards
Best Director - Mausam (1976)

Best Lyricist
1972: All songs - Anand
1973: All songs - Namak Haraam
1977: Do diwane shahar mein - Gharaonda
1979: Aanewala pal jaane wala hai- Gol Maal
1980: Hazar rahen mud ke dekhi- Thodisi Bewafaii
1983: Tujhse naraaz nahin zindagi - Masoom
1988: Mera kuchh saamaan - Ijaazat
1991: Yaara sili sili - Lekin...
1998: Chaiyya Chaiyya - Dil Se
2002: All songs - Saathiya
2005: Kajra Re - Bunty Aur Babli

Best Dialogue
1972: Anand
1974: Namak Haraam
1996: Maachis (1996)
2002: Saathiya (2002)
1996: Best Story - Maachis
1975: Critics Award for Best Movie - Aandhi (1975)
2002: Lifetime Achievement Award


National Film Awards
Best Directing - Mausam (1976)
Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment - Maachis (1996)
Best Lyrics
1988: 'Mera kuch saaman' - Ijaazat
1991: 'Yaara sili sili' - Lekin...
Best Screenplay - Koshish (1972)


Grammy Awards
Best Song Written For Motion Picture, Television Or Other Visual Media - 'Jai Ho' - Slumdog Millionaire (2010)


Other awards
Padma Bhushan (2004)
Sahitya Akademi Award - Dhuan ("smoke"; short stories in Urdu) (2002)

Filmography

As lyricist
(* indicates unreleased/under production)


Raavan
Ishqiya
Veer
Kaminey
Billu Barber
Dumkata
Slumdog Millionaire for Jai Ho
Yuvvraaj
No Smoking
Shafaq
Just Married
Jhoom Barabar Jhoom
Jaan-E-Mann
Guru
Sabab*
Blue Umbrella
Omkara
Yahaan
Paheli
Bunty Aur Babli
Raincoat
Chupke Se
Maqbool
Pinjar
Saathiya
Makdee
Dil Vil Pyar Vyar
Lal Salam
Leela
Filhaal...
Asoka
Aks
Fiza
Khubsoorat
Hu Tu Tu
Jahan Tum Le Chalo
Dil Se
Satya
Chachi 420
Aastha
Maachis
Daayraa
Mammo
Rudaali
Maya Memsaab
Lekin...
Libaas
Ijaazat
Ek Pal
Jeeva
Ghulami
Tarang
Masoom
Sadma
Angoor
Namkeen
Sitam
Naram Garam
Baseraa
Sitara
Thodisi Bewafaii
Khubsoorat
Swayamvara
Griha Pravesh
Gol Maal
Ratnadeep
Ghar
Devata
Khatta Meetha
Palkon Ki Chhaon Mein
Gharaonda
Kinara
Shaque
Aandhi
Khushboo
Mausam
Doosri Sita
Parichay
Koshish
Anubhav
Guddi
Mere Apne
Seema
Anand
Khamoshi
Rahgir
Aashirwad
Do Dooni Chaar
Biwi Aur Makaan
Sannata
Purnima
Bandini
Prem Patra
Kabuliwala
Shriman Satyawadi
Swami Vivekananda
The Jungle Book (TV series)


Other collaborative projects

Dil Padosi Hai (with Asha Bhosle and Rahul Dev Burman)
Sunset Point (with Vishal Bhardwaj, Bhupinder and Chitra Singh).
Vadaa (with Amjad Ali Khan)
Ishqa Ishqa (with Vishal Bhardwaj)
Main Aur Mera Saaya (with Bhupen Hazarika)
Udaas Pani (with Abhishek Ray and Jagjit Singh)
Visaal (with Ghulam Ali)
Koi Baat Chale (with Jagjit Singh; songs written in Triveni)
Marasim (with Jagjit Singh)
Raat Chand Aur Main (with Abhishek Ray)
Amrita Pritam recited by Gulzar (tribute to Amrita Pritam)
Kabir By Abida Parween recited by Gulzar

SAHIR LUDHIANVI


Sourced from wikipedia and meant for information only.
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